What Are The 5 Effects Of Air Pollution?

What are the effects of air pollution on humans?

Exposure to high levels of air pollution can cause a variety of adverse health outcomes.

It increases the risk of respiratory infections, heart disease and lung cancer.

Both short and long term exposure to air pollutants have been associated with health impacts..

What are the top 10 causes of pollution?

The top 10, in alphabetical order, are: artisanal gold mining; contaminated surface water; contaminated groundwater; indoor air pollution; metals smelting and processing; industrial mining; radioactive waste and uranium mining; untreated sewage; urban air quality; and used lead–acid battery recycling.

Who is most affected by air pollution?

The groups most affected by air pollution are people of color, elderly residents, children with uncontrolled asthma, and people living in poverty. Vulnerable populations may experience more health effects because these populations already have higher rates of heart and lung conditions.

What are the 2 types of air pollution?

The two types of air pollutants are primary pollutants, which enter the atmosphere directly, and secondary pollutants, which form from a chemical reaction.

What are the effects of the pollution?

Short term exposure to air pollution can irritate the eyes, nose and throat and cause upper respiratory infections, headaches, nausea and allergic reactions. Long-term exposures can lead to chronic respiratory disease, lung cancer, and heart disease.

What are major causes of pollution?

The Short Answer: Air pollution is caused by solid and liquid particles and certain gases that are suspended in the air. These particles and gases can come from car and truck exhaust, factories, dust, pollen, mold spores, volcanoes and wildfires.

How do we stop air pollution?

Ways to Reduce Air PollutionRiding a bike or walking instead of driving.Taking a bus or carpooling.Buying a car that has greater fuel efficiency.Turning off lights and appliances when they are not in use.Using energy efficient light bulbs and appliances.Buying fewer things that are manufactured using fossil fuels.

What are five effects of air pollution on humans?

Air pollution is considered as the major environmental risk factor in the incidence and progression of some diseases such as asthma, lung cancer, ventricular hypertrophy, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases, psychological complications, autism, retinopathy, fetal growth, and low birth weight.

What are the 10 effects of air pollution?

10 Serious Effects of Air Pollution on the EnvironmentGlobal Warming.Climate Change.Acid Rain.Smog effect.Deterioration of fields.Extinction of animal species.Respiratory health problems.Deterioration in building materials.More items…•

What is the solution of air pollution?

The most basic solution for air pollution is to move away from fossil fuels, replacing them with alternative energies like solar, wind and geothermal. Producing clean energy is crucial. But equally important is to reduce our consumption of energy by adopting responsible habits and using more efficient devices.

What is the biggest form of pollution?

One of the biggest sources is called nonpoint source pollution, which occurs as a result of runoff. Nonpoint source pollution includes many small sources, like septic tanks, cars, trucks, and boats, plus larger sources, such as farms, ranches, and forest areas.

What is the biggest air pollutant?

Criteria pollutantsCarbon monoxide.Lead.Nitrogen dioxide.Ozone.Particles.Sulfur dioxide.

What are the main effects of air pollution?

Long-term health effects from air pollution include heart disease, lung cancer, and respiratory diseases such as emphysema. Air pollution can also cause long-term damage to people’s nerves, brain, kidneys, liver, and other organs. Some scientists suspect air pollutants cause birth defects.

What are the 5 examples of air pollution?

The common air pollutants are:Particulate matter (PM10 and PM2. … Ozone (O3)Nitrogen dioxide (NO2)Carbon monoxide (CO)Sulphur dioxide (SO2)

What are 10 ways to reduce pollution?

10 Best Ways to Reduce Air PollutionUsing public transports. … Turn off the lights when not in use. … Recycle and Reuse. … No to plastic bags. … Reduction of forest fires and smoking. … Use of fans instead of Air Conditioner. … Use filters for chimneys. … Avoid usage of crackers.More items…•

What is air pollution give its causes and effects?

The main cause of air pollution is the fact that there are many harmful particles such as sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide that are said to cause harmful respiratory diseases. Here are some of the major causes of air pollution in India.

What are the 3 main causes of air pollution?

Various Causes of Air pollutionThe Burning of Fossil Fuels. … Agricultural Activities. … Waste in Landfills. … Exhaust From Factories and Industries. … Mining Operations. … Indoor Air Pollution. … Natural Events.

How do we prevent air pollution?

On Days when High Particle Levels are Expected, Take these Extra Steps to Reduce Pollution:Reduce the number of trips you take in your car.Reduce or eliminate fireplace and wood stove use.Avoid burning leaves, trash, and other materials.Avoid using gas-powered lawn and garden equipment.