How Long Do Babies With Microcephaly Live?

How does microcephaly affect a child?

But depending on the cause and severity of the microcephaly, complications may include: Developmental delays, such as in speech and movement.

Difficulties with coordination and balance.

Dwarfism or short stature..

Can babies with microcephaly be normal?

Some children with microcephaly are both with normal intelligence and have normal developmental milestones, but their heads will always be smaller than normal children for their age and sex. Microcephaly in children is a rare and genetic condition.

Are babies with small heads less intelligent?

Head circumference has essentially nothing to do with intelligence and, as long as your child’s head is average-size and regularly growing, there’s no cause for alarm when they come in a bit behind the curve. Still, a handful of preliminary studies have suggested links between brain size, head size, and intelligence.

Is microcephaly a genetic disorder?

Microcephaly is an autosomal recessive gene disorder. Autosomal means that boys and girls are equally affected. Recessive means that 2 copies of the gene, 1 from each parent, are needed to have the condition. Some genetic disorders that cause microcephaly are X-linked.

How do you diagnose microcephaly?

Microcephaly may be diagnosed before birth by prenatal ultrasound. This imaging test uses high-frequency sound waves and a computer to make images of blood vessels, tissues, and organs. Ultrasounds let healthcare providers see the internal organs as they function. They also show blood flow through blood vessels.

What is the prognosis for microcephaly?

The prognosis for a child who has microcephaly depends on the other medical conditions the child has. In general, life expectancy for children who have microcephaly is reduced, and the prospects of attaining normal brain function is poor.

What is the life expectancy of a baby with microcephaly?

There is no standard life expectancy for microcephalic babies because outcomes depend on so many factors, and the severity of the condition can range from mild to severe. Babies with mild microcephaly may still meet the same milestones like speaking, sitting and walking as a child without the disorder.

Can microcephaly be treated?

Microcephaly is a lifelong condition. There is no known cure or standard treatment for microcephaly. Because microcephaly can range from mild to severe, treatment options can range as well. Babies with mild microcephaly often don’t experience any other problems besides small head size.

Does microcephaly cause retardation?

Signs and symptoms of microcephaly may include a smaller than normal head circumference that usually remains smaller than normal as the child grows, dwarfism or short stature, delayed motor and speech functions, mental retardation, seizures, facial distortions, hyperactivity, balance and coordination problems, and …

Is Zika still a threat 2020?

As of January 2020, there are no areas with a current Zika outbreak. If you are trying to get pregnant, or your partner is trying to get pregnant, then you may want to reconsider travel because of the virus’s link to birth defects and complications.

What percentile is considered microcephaly?

Microcephaly is defined as a head circumference 2 standard deviations (SDs) below the mean for age and sex or roughly less than the 2nd percentile. Conversely, macrocephaly is defined as a head circumference greater than 2 SDs above the mean or greater than the 98th percentile.

Can Zika babies live a normal life?

As the first babies born with brain damage from the Zika epidemic become 2-year-olds, the most severely affected are falling further behind in their development and will require a lifetime of care, according to a study published Thursday by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

At what age is microcephaly diagnosed?

Diagnosis. Early diagnosis of microcephaly can sometimes be made by fetal ultrasound. Ultrasounds have the best diagnosis possibility if they are made at the end of the second trimester, around 28 weeks, or in the third trimester of pregnancy. Often diagnosis is made at birth or at a later stage.

Are Zika babies mentally challenged?

Babies born with microcephaly can have trouble moving their arms and legs and problems with feeding because of difficulties sucking and swallowing. A smaller head at birth is also associated with mental retardation.

Can you tell if baby has Zika from ultrasound?

Brain abnormalities associated with congenital Zika syndrome have been identified by ultrasound in the second and third trimesters in published case reports. CDC previously recommended serial ultrasounds every 3-4 weeks for women exposed during pregnancy with laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection.

What is microcephaly caused by?

Causes of congenital microcephaly include: Prenatal infections: Exposure to the Zika virus, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy, can damage nerve cells in the brain. Other infectious agents can also cause microcephaly, including rubella (German measles), chickenpox, toxoplasma and cytomegalovirus.

How can you prevent microcephaly?

While you’re pregnant, you can take steps to try to prevent acquired microcephaly:Eat a healthy diet and take prenatal vitamins.Don’t drink alcohol or do drugs.Stay away from chemicals.Wash your hands often, and get treated for any illness as soon as you feel sick.Have someone else change the litter box.More items…•

How do I know if my baby has microcephaly?

After birth, a baby with microcephaly may have these signs and symptoms:Small head size.Failure to thrive (slow weight gain and growth)High-pitched crying.Little appetite or problems with feeding.Muscle spasms.