How Do You Spell Et Al?

What does it means et al?

“Et al.” is short for the Latin term “et alia,” meaning “and others.” It is used in academic citations when referring to a source with multiple authors: Hulme et al.

(2019) argue that ….

Can et al be used for things?

refers to a list of things, et al. refers to a list of people. Etc. is common in formal and informal writing. … Etc. is short for “et cetera,” which is a Latin phrase that means “and the rest.” Use etc.

What is et al in real estate?

phrase being used in the document. Et al. refers to everyone who has an ownership interest in the property title. Having an ownership interest is called being “vested” in the title. If numerous people are passing their property on and numerous people are inheriting the property, then et al.

How do you say hello in a group?

Email greetings to groupsIf it’s a group of people you know really well, you can use something more informal such as “Hi all,” “Hi team” or “Hi everyone.”If it’s a more formal email, you can use greetings such as “Dear Coworkers,” “Dear Colleagues” or “Dear Hiring Committee.”More items…

How do you do et al in Word?

If a reference has six or more authors, display the first name followed by ‘et al’ in the citation. If a reference has three or more authors, display all three authors in the first citation, but for any subsequent citations use the first name, followed by ‘et al’.

How do you use et al?

List only the first author’s name followed by “et al.” in every citation, even the first, unless doing so would create ambiguity between different sources. In et al., et should not be followed by a period. Only “al” should be followed by a period.

Do you put a comma after et al?

Remember that there is no comma between the surname and “et al.,” and the period goes only after the “al.” The English translation of “et al.” is “and others.” A helpful table of this rule can be found in APA 7, Table 8.1.

How do you use et al at the end of a sentence?

itself includes and. Second, never put a period after the first word in et al. because et is a complete Latin word meaning and — it’s not an abbreviation. But always put a period after al because it’s the abbreviation for the different forms of the Latin word meaning others (alii, alius, alia, or aliae).

Is Dear all formal?

‘Dear All’ is on the formal side compared with ‘Hi Everyone. ‘ It is also possible to skip the salutation and get right into the meat of the matter. … How formal of a group are addressing? If informal, sure should be fine.

Can you text et al?

Use the word “and” between the authors’ names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses. In subsequent citations, only use the first author’s last name followed by “et al.” in the signal phrase or in parentheses. In et al., et should not be followed by a period. … in the signal phrase or in parentheses.

(et-ahl Abbreviation for the Latin phrase “et alia,” meaning “and others.” This is commonly used in shortening the name of a court case, so that instead of listing all the plaintiffs or defendants, one of them will be listed followed by the term “et al.”

Why do we use et al?

One of these is the Latin phrase et al., an abbreviation meaning “and others.” It is used to shorten lists of author names in text citations to make repeated referencing shorter and simpler. …

How do you write et al in an email?

The expression et al., which is always followed by a period, stands for “and others.” So the greetings above would mean: Dear John and others, Hello, Kimia and others. Sorry, Doug.